The Majapahit Kingdom was the last Hindu-Buddhist kingdom in the archipelago between the 13th and 16th centuries.
6 Jun 2022·By Ayurizka Purwadhania
Indonesia is a country with thousands of exciting cultures and history to review. One of them is the history of the ancient Majapahit Kingdom, which became one of the largest kingdoms in Indonesia at that time.
Want to know more about the history of the Ancient Majapahit Kingdom? Check out the following article!
A Brief History of the Majapahit Empire
The Majapahit Kingdom was the last Hindu-Buddhist kingdom in the archipelago between the 13th and 16th centuries. The story begins with Kartanegara's grandson under pressure, namely Raden Wijaya, and then runs away. Raden Wijaya then made a small village in the Trowulan forest and named it the village of Majapahit.
The kingdom's name is taken from the Maja fruit that grows in the forest but has a bitter taste, related to Historia. Raden Wijaya was crowned king on the 15th of the month of Kartika in 1215 or on November 10, 1293, which was the forerunner of the birth of the Majapahit kingdom.
The heyday of the Majapahit Empire
Although often rebellious in the early stages, the Majapahit kingdom grew into the largest empire in the archipelago. The kingdom's heyday came when Hayam Wuruk led it. During their 39 years in power, Hayam Wuruk and Gajah Mada had succeeded in making the Majapahit banner visible. Throughout the archipelago and even the Malacca peninsula.
The Fall of the Majapahit Empire
The Majapahit Kingdom began to decline after the death of Gajah Mada and Hayam Wuruk. The power of the Majapahit Kingdom ended in 1527, after being conquered by the troops of Sultan Trenggana from the Sultanate of Demak.
Even though it collapsed several centuries ago, modern society can still see the remains of the Majapahit kingdom. Here is the temple heritage of the Majapahit Kingdom:
Bajang Ratu Temple
Wringin Lawang Temple
Sukuh . Temple
Cetho . Temple
Wringin Branjang Temple
Minak Jinggo Temple
and Sumberjati Temple
This is the history of the Majapahit Kingdom, which is very interesting to study.