Exploring the History of Bena Village: A Precious Heritage in East Nusa Tenggara

Bena Village, hidden on the slopes of the mountains in East Nusa Tenggara (NTT), Indonesia, is a cultural wonder that depicts the life of the Ngada people with its irreplaceable charm.
6 Jan 2024 ·By Izzah Putri Jurianto
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The village of Bena has been the guardian of Ngada's cultural heritage for centuries. Founded in ancient times, this village carries a long history reflected in its traditional architecture and customary ceremonies passed down from generation to generation.

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The History of Bena Village

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The history of Bena Village reaches prehistoric times, showcasing the ancestral wisdom of the Ngada people in selecting a strategic and fertile location. Estimated to have existed since the 9th century, the village has continued to evolve, serving as a marker of Ngada's cultural development and witnessing the community's long journey.

Bena Village is adorned with scattered megalithic stones throughout its landscape. These stones serve not only as ornaments or territorial markers but also as symbolic pillars of Ngada society's life. Each megalithic stone has its role, such as sacrificial stones or sacred stones used in customary ceremonies.

The Uniqueness of Bena Village

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Bena Village is not just about ancient stones and magnificent traditional houses. It is the embodiment of the daily life of the Ngada community, who deeply love and adhere to their customs. From farming practices to traditional attire in every ceremony, Bena Village preserves the authenticity of its culture while allowing traditions to endure through time.

The traditional houses in Bena Village reflect local wisdom. Built from wood and stone with towering roofs, the architecture of these houses demonstrates the continuity of tradition. Every part of the house carries symbolic meaning, reflecting family and tribal identities.

To this day, Bena Village remains a witness to its living history. Responsible tourism continues to open the world's eyes to the existence of this village. Despite becoming a tourist destination, the people of Bena Village persistently uphold their cultural and spiritual values.

Witnessing the uniqueness of Bena Village is an unforgettable experience. There is warmth in the hospitality of the locals and beauty in every detail of the village. Don't miss the opportunity to feel the peaceful atmosphere, observe rare architectural art, and get to know the traditional way of life that is still preserved to this day.

Watch a video about Bena Village, East Nusa Tenggara here.

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